IBM unveils its first quantum computer for commercial use

IBM unveils its first quantum computer for commercial use

IBM unveils its first quantum computer for commercial use

IBM inventors from India earned over 800 patents - the second highest contributor to the company's global record of 9,100 patents in the U.S. in 2018 - with almost half in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cloud computing, cyber security, Blockchain and Quantum Computing. "IBM also led the industry in the number of AI, cloud computing, security and quantum computing-related patent grants, with more than 4,000 patents".

According to a January 8 press release, the system - dubbed the IBM Q System One - takes quantum computing from the confines of the research lab into the real world.

Quantum computing is still in the infancy stage, and IBM's 20-qubit Q System One is more like a stepping stone in the right direction, although it is designed for commercial use by different clients, it will take some time for quantum systems to be mainstream solutions for highly complex and exponential problems along with normal real-life computation requirements.

The IBM Q Quantum Computation Center opening later this year in Poughkeepsie, New York, will expand the IBM Q Network commercial quantum computing program, which already includes systems at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown, New York. Instead, they will only be accessible via IBM's computing cloud.

Back in 2017, IBM broke new ground when it announced it's prototype commercial 17-qubit processor, forming the base for its IBM Q early-access systems.

"The IBM Q System One is a major step forward in the commercialization of quantum computing", said Arvind Krishna, senior vice president of Hybrid Cloud and director of IBM Research. The IBM Q System One ensures that these quantum computers can operate beyond the confines of a research lab.

Coming to the design of Q System One, all the parts sit enclosed in a thick, air-tight glass enclosure. It's a cryogenically cooled, nine-foot-tall and nine-foot-wide cube that tackles some of the practical challenges involved in operating a quantum computer. Membership in the IBM Q hub will enable Argonne researchers to leverage their expertise in scalable algorithms across a broad set of multidisciplinary scientific applications and explore the impact of quantum computing on key areas including quantum chemistry and quantum materials. Its glass door opens effortlessly, simplifying the system's maintenance and upgrade process while minimizing downtime -making the IBM Q System One uniquely suited for reliable commercial use. Its Q System One aims to make integration a lot easier so that it can be applied to the issues businesses face.

Quantum bits or qubits - the units used to perform quantum computations - "quickly lose their special quantum properties, typically within 100 microseconds (for state-of-the-art superconducting qubits), due in part to the interconnected machinery's ambient noise of vibrations, temperature fluctuations, and electromagnetic waves", IBM explained.

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