Scenes of destruction from the Indonesian tsunami

Scenes of destruction from the Indonesian tsunami

Scenes of destruction from the Indonesian tsunami

At least 373 people were killed and hundreds more injured or missing, officials said. Hundreds of buildings were damaged or destroyed by the tsunami, inflicting a heavy blow on local housing and infrastructure.

Tourists were also affected during the long holiday weekend ahead of Christmas.

Earlier, in the year 2004, a much bigger Tsunami wave in the Indian Ocean, triggered by an natural disaster, killed more than 2 lakh people in 13 countries, out of which more than a lakh were in Indonesia.

Saturday's tsunami was due to landslides and large amounts of lava being dumped by the volcano into the sea, leading to the creation of waves.

A stranded boat is seen among debris after a tsunami hit at Sumur district in Pandeglang, Banten province, Indonesia, Dec. 24, 2018 in this photo taken by Antara Foto. By Monday morning, 57 people were still missing and search efforts had expanded along the coast.

"The tide rose to the surface and dragged all the people on site", the statement said.

The band was in the middle of a show organized by PLN, the state-run electric company. Members of the audience and band scream as the stage is brought down.

The front man of popular Indonesian pop group Seventeen was to bury his wife Tuesday, compounding a tragedy that saw his three bandmates also killed when a tsunami tore into their open-air concert. On Monday, five more bodies were recovered around the hotel, including a little boy.

Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for Indonesia's disaster agency, said the preliminary theory was that the tsunami was caused by "an undersea landslide resulting from volcanic activity on Anak Krakatau".

"There was no early warning system for the tsunami which caused a lot of victims because people didn't have a chance to evacuate". Even tsunami veterans living in the area were stunned by the lack of telltale warning signs before 15-foot waves were upon them. Antara Foto/Ardiansyah/ via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. Officer and vehicle evacuation could have penetrated the area well.

Ifan Seventeen Indonesia
Away Music Group From Stage in Indonesia

The tsunami's impacts were compounded by a tidal wave caused by the full moon, BMKG said in a news release.

The tsunami has triggered debate among scientists and government officials because it struck without a powerful quake immediately preceding it, and because the volcano's eruptions, which had been increasing in both strength and frequency since June, had not caused high waves to form.

A tsunami struck areas of the Sundra Strait separating the islands of Java and Sumatra on the night of December 22.

In the wake of Saturday's disaster, Indonesian President Joko Widodo ordered Indonesia's Meteorology, Climatology and Geological Agency (BMKG) to purchase detectors which would provide "early warnings to community".

Instead, a volcanic island with an ominous name - Anak Krakatau, or "Child of Krakatoa" - rumbled as it has been doing for months before a giant chunk of it apparently broke loose like a rock falling into a tub, silently unleashing disaster. Krakatoa launched far-reaching tsunamis and created so much ash, day was turned to night in the area and a global temperature drop was recorded. It continues to grow each year and erupts periodically.

That is despite the fact that the vast Indonesian archipelago lies on the "Ring of Fire", an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the Pacific Basin. Roads and infrastructure are poor in many areas, making access hard in the best of conditions.

"Tsunamis from volcanic flank collapse are generated right at the coast and often close to populations", said Eddie Dempsey, lecturer in structural geology at Britain's University of Hull.

A vehicle is seen amid debris in the Villa Stephanie compound in Carita in Banten province December 25, 2018.

Unfortunately, Indonesia's current tsunami warning system does not detect volcanic activity and underwater landslides.

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